We are excited to announce that PDXScholar has passed the 2 million download mark!
PDXScholar: The Institutional Repository of PSU Scholarship
PDXScholar is an online archive for PSU-authored articles, textbooks, journals, conferences, reports, data sets and dissertations/theses. It maximizes research impact, facilitates interdisciplinary research, and expands the reach of Portland State University scholarship worldwide. PDXScholar hosts:
PDXscholar hosts student-run, peer-reviewed publications, such as Anthós, The Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs, and McNair Scholars Journal. Students gain early career experience in publishing research, and they can showcase their scholarship. Nearly 1,000 students have used PDXOpen textbooks in their classes, and students have saved over $100,000 by using these free online textbooks tailored for PSU classes.
In addition to preserving the intellectual output of our community, scholars across the globe use PDXScholar to find Portland State research and connect with each other. Tina Anctil, associate professor and chair of the Counselor Education Department, explains:
“Seeing the global impact of my work has been both exciting and humbling. One of the most interesting exchanges I’ve had was from a doctoral student in Kenya who contacted me to discuss my research. We scheduled a Skype conversation that lasted for an hour of substantive conversation about her dissertation study, including a portion that she modeled from one of my prior studies. This impact is rarely seen from a journal publication, so it’s been very satisfying to me as a scholar.”
Submit Your Work
PDXScholar provides a consistent, long-term home for work created at Portland State University. Faculty, students and staff can be assured that their scholarship is preserved in perpetuity when placing links on résumés or websites. Add your scholarly works to PDXScholar, and help us reach the next million mark!
Our latest featured resource at the Portland State Library is Artstor. This database has an immense collection of images, as well as tools to make it easy to use and download images. Furthermore, it has tools to help in teaching. Maximize your art and art history research when you use Artstor alongside PSU Library guides.
Use Artstor for Research and Teaching
Researchers may browse through Artstor, or search for something specific. Categories like geography show artwork from a specific country, and classification reveals specific types of art. The art spans traditional art like painting and illuminated manuscripts, and also to architecture, film, landscape, and many more types of art.
Researchers may also browse by specific repositories. This can be useful because for researchers art repositories often group similar types and styles of art, and often have a lot of background information to help with research.
Additionally, Artstor has tools to help researchers manage images. Group images together to organize them, and also download them in bulk. Furthermore, bulk downloads include citations and other information about images, making it easier for researchers.
Artstor also has teaching resources to help users design curriculum for all age groups and levels, from K-12 to experts. These resources span across the many different types of art and art history resources in the collections. Most importantly, scholars can share the images in research and instruction because all content is cleared for educational use.
PSU Library’s Open Educational Resources Guide connects researchers to open texts, streaming images and media, Portland State materials, and other open access resources that are useful to researchers. Additionally, anyone across the globe can use these resources, including students who have graduated from PSU. This is because Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others.
PSU Library’s subject guides connect researchers to resources for subjects taught as Portland State. Our architecture, art and art history guides have links to find scholarly articles, books, reference books, primary sources, as well as citation help.
PSU Library’s art databases connect researchers to many other kinds of resources on arts and the humanities. These span across history to the present, as well as across many different regions and types of resources.
PSU Library’s A-Z list of databases shows which resources are restricted or open access. Some PSU resources, including Artstor, are restricted off-campus to current PSU students, faculty and staff. A locked padlock () indicates resources that are restricted off-campus. Conversely, open access resources are available to all researchers across the globe. An unlocked padlock () indicates open access resources.
Many US museums help researchers find images online through digital libraries, letting researchers worldwide experience the arts. Metadata in these collections informs researchers about the item, its context, and usage rights. This makes easier to determine if the items are open access or free of copyright restrictions.
Opposing Viewpoints in Context Shows the Big Picture
Current events are rarely simple or clear cut. Fortunately, Opposing Viewpoints in Context connects researchers with the context of the different perspectives behind current issues, along with reliable facts and evidence.
Opposing Viewpoints in Context is a database that contains detailed, reliable information about current events. This information comes from a variety of sources: newspapers, magazines, reference works, and scholarly journals. Additionally, several different perspectives for each current issue give more context. Researchers can use all of this information to understand the full context behind today’s headlines.
Newspaper articles and essays about current events, called viewpoints, provide up-to-date information about current events. However, bias in news articles and viewpoints means researchers need more information to get the big picture.
Fortunately, Opposing Viewpoints in Context presents the big picture by connecting researchers to reliable and authoritative supporting documents, along with additional points of view, historical information, and context. Statistics and peer-reviewed research articles provide evidence for each topic. Additional reference information, images, and videos can provide a historical background. Researchers can confidently research current events with evidence and scholarly research, without worrying about sensationalized claims or “fake news.”
More Resources at PSU
In addition to Opposing Viewpoints in Context, PSU Library has other resources available to help researchers understand current events.
CQ Researcher has in-depth coverage of current social and public policy issues. Professional journalists write and fact-check these reports. These articles include an overview, history, chronology, pro/con feature, plus additional resources for further research. CQ Researcher is an excellent database to use in addition to Opposing Viewpoints in Context.
The Identify & Challenge Fake News guide was made by PSU Librarians to help researchers identify, verify, and understand the news. It provides background information about what “fake news” is, as well as current examples of fake news. There is also information about fact-checking and finding accurate information. Researchers can also learn about how media consumption like search algorithms, as well as political news, affects personal biases. Finally, resources for instructors are available to facilitate discussion and help students evaluate information.
Please note that off-campus access to Opposing Viewpoints in Context and CQ Researcher is restricted to current PSU students, faculty, and staff.
This open access database is available for researchers across the globe, and also provides tools to examine the realities of one of the largest forced movements of peoples in world history. It contains multiple searchable resources, with detailed information on almost 36,000 slaving voyages between Africa and North America, the Caribbean, and Brazil.
Timelines, chronologies and maps provide context into the transatlantic slave trade. Researchers can visualize the impact of the global slave trade over a long period of time, and also hone into detailed information about a specific place or time.
Furthermore, a separate database sheds light on the voyages undertaken for the slave trade. Examine the captains and crews who sailed on slave ships, as well as the nations, and numbers of people transported across the globe.
Finally, the African Names Database has information about 91,491 Africans taken from captured slave ships or from African trading sites. It lists the African name, age, gender, origin, country, and also the places of embarkation and disembarkation. This information gives researchers insight into many of the victims of the trans-Atlantic slave trade.
Other Resources at the PSU Library
The PSU Library has many resources that discuss the transatlantic slave trade. Research the history and context of the slave trade in the United States and globally with data and primary resources.
Slavery in America and the World: History, Culture & Law is an open access database. It contains legal documentation on the historic practices of slavery in the United States, as well as the rest of the English-speaking world. It includes pamphlets, books, legal statutes, and articles on slavery.
Slavery, Abolition and Social Justice is a database open to PSU faculty, staff, students, and researchers in the PSU Library. Primary source documents about slavery and abolition from Africa, the Caribbean, the U.S., Latin America, as well as Europe, span from 1490 to 2007.
Enjoy your break by reading something new about history, art, or any other topic that interests you, or read a new book by one of our PSU faculty authors.
We have also fiction throughout the library. Novels in many languages are on the 4th floor in the P sections, and children’s fiction is on the 5th floor in the PZ section. The Dark Horse Comics collection is by the curved window on the 3rd, 4th, and 5th floors.
The Library’s hours will change between terms. The Library will close Saturday and Sunday, March 25th and 26th. During Spring Break from Monday, March 27th, through Friday, March 31st, we are open from 8 a.m. – 6 p.m. The Library will close on Saturday, April 1st. We will re-open from noon until midnight on Sunday, April 2nd.
Spring term hours begin on Sunday, April 2. A PSU ID card will be required to enter the Library after 9 p.m. beginning Spring term. If you need a PSU ID card please visit ID card Services in Neuberger.
Spending Spring Break in town
If you are staying in the Portland metro area over Spring Break, there are plenty of ways you can enjoy the sunshine and warmer weather. Free events around the Portland State campus include financial wellness information, career workshops, and student exhibitions.
There are many cultural institutions and gardens around Portland to visit during the break. This guide for students lists places to visit off campus. You may be able to explore these institutions for free with a culture pass from your local public library. Multnomah County Library, Clackamas County Library, and Washington County Library (WCCLS) have passes available to explore places like museums and cultural centers around town. These provide free admission, and often cover admission for groups of people or families.
We hope you enjoy your break, Vikings. We look forward to seeing you at the PSU Library!
The Library will be open 24 hours starting Monday, March 13 at 7:30 a.m. through Thursday, March 23 at midnight. When the Library is open 24 hours, a PSU ID card will be required to enter the Library after midnight. Beginning Spring Term on Sunday, April 2, a PSU ID card will be required to enter the Library after 9 p.m. If you need a PSU ID card please visit ID card Services in Neuberger.
Follow the Steps Below to Visit the Library with your PSU ID
Have your white PSU ID at the ADA-accessible entrance
Touch the PSU ID card on the black card reader at the ADA-accessible entrance
After scanning the PSU ID card, push the blue ADA-accessible door button
Wait about 20 seconds. That door takes a long time to open!
You made it in!
Study Services at the Library
The Reference Desk and the technology support desk will be available regular hours. The Learning Center will continue provide tutoring and assistance from dead week through the Wednesday of finals week, March 22nd. The tutoring schedule is available online. Room 160 will once again become additional study space for students (on the first floor, near the elevators). Finally, Branford’s Bean is open later hours and they will continue their tradition of leaving a fresh carafe of coffee out for students after they close.
SHAC‘s Wellness and Health Advisory Team (WHAT) will once again be at the Library providing stress relief services for students. The Finals Stress Relief session will take place on Tuesday, March 14th in the Library room 170 from 9 a.m. – 11 a.m.
Getting Around Campus Late at Night
Several services are available to assist you if you are leaving the Library late at night. Call Campus Public Safety at (503) 725-4407 for a safety escort to your vehicle or dorm. College Housing Northwest (CHN) also offers extended hours for their Goose Hollow Shuttle during the 24/7 Library service.
Spring Intersession Hours
The Library’s schedule will change between Winter and Spring terms. We will close Saturday and Sunday, March 25th and 26th. During Spring Break from Monday, March 27th, through Friday, March 31st, we are open from 8 a.m. – 6 p.m. We will be closed on Saturday, April 1st and will re-open from noon until midnight on Sunday, April 2nd. We will resume regular hours once again when the Spring term starts on April 3rd.
OpenCon is a yearly gathering of “open” scholars and advocates in Washington, D.C. to discuss issues, challenges, and share successes in their open work. The goal of the open movement is to make scientific and scholarly research and data readily available for researchers and scholars to view, remix, and reuse. The open research movement benefits everyone. Researchers who share data can learn and develop new research even faster. Open research is also accessible and free to the user, making it that much easier for scholars across the globe to keep up with the latest research.
Last fall we announced a partnership with the Office of Research and Strategic Partnerships with the Library to sponsor a PSU faculty member to attend OpenCon 2016 as part of Open Access Week, Erin Flynn. The Library also sponsored attendance of one librarian, Emily Ford, Urban and Public Affairs Librarian at the Portland State University Library.
Below, Librarian Emily Ford and Assistant Professor Erin Flynn recount their experiences at OpenCon 2016, and discuss the value of open scholarship.
OpenCon 2016 Report – by Librarian Emily Ford
As a librarian it is rare that I get to attend conferences with those outside of my field. It is also rare for me to attend conferences with global reach, engagement, and participation. Attending OpenCon, which brings together scholars and advocates from all over the globe and from all fields, afforded me a singular opportunity to connect with scientists, programmers, NGO workers, educators, students, and policy makers who all coalesce under the same ethos of openness. We believe that making data, educational resources, programs, code, written works, and other information readily accessible can help improve local, regional, national, and global communities. Openness allows global citizens to communicate and build upon one another’s works in ways that were previously not possible.
For me, connecting with passionate individuals from China, New Zealand, Central African Republic, Great Britain, Cambodia, Canada, Iran, Czech Republic, and many other countries was an unforgettable experience. Of course I also learned about inspiring open projects around the world. Here is just a sampling:
Science Education Exchange for Social Development – This organization partners with Universities and organizations to create open STEM educational resources in local languages for K-12 students in Senegal. (This project was founded by Khadidiatou Sall, a student at Oregon State University.)
Another notable point about the 2016 OpenCon Conference is that it convened on November 12th, 2016 in Washington, D.C. The historic U.S. Presidential Election had just finished, and everywhere the city’s environment acknowledged this. To add to this memory and experience in this odd time, the final day of the conference included an advocacy component. With other Oregon colleagues I went to visit Senator Ron Wyden’s staff to discuss “open.” Senator Wyden is one of the authors of Senate Bill 779, the Fair Access to Science & Technology Research Act (FASTR). FASTR proposes that federally funded agencies with extramural research budgets of over $100 million make readily available manuscripts from that funding. This bill has passed through committee, and could come to vote in an upcoming legislative session.
Ben Widness, Senator Wyden’s policy advisor, spent half an hour with us to learn about our open projects and to discuss open issues. Despite our not knowing what a new Presidential administration could mean for open, I feel reassured that in Senator Wyden we have an advocate who wants to help us publicly share scientific and scholarly discoveries and conversations.
OpenCon 2016 Report – by Assistant Professor Erin Flynn
This past November I attended OpenCon 2016, a gathering of researchers, educators, librarians, publishers, policy makers, and students from all over the world. Despite our many differences, we were all dedicated to the proposition that the exchange of information could and should be more open.
Intuitively, it makes sense that researchers should make new knowledge freely and publicly available. Every day on my way to teach, I am greeted by Portland State University’s maxim, “Let knowledge serve the city.” And yet, as an early career researcher, I am more likely to be punished than rewarded for taking steps to make the outputs of my work more widely available.
Far from serving the city, the insights generated from my research are tightly controlled and available for a fee, unavailable to many of the communities the work is meant to benefit and reach. This at a time when data sets, software, educational materials, and published findings can be shared with technological ease.
With the proliferation and wide distribution of “alternative facts” and “fake news,” I cannot help but wonder what a democratic society might look like if high quality, peer reviewed research could be as easily accessed. The academy, a product of another era, has been safeguarding knowledge, relying on old forms to produce, distribute, and value knowledge. This when a revolution in the economy of information has taken place.
OpenCon incubates a next generation of scholars. One project at a time, OpenCon converts chip away at the edifice of the academy, rethinking what it means to do valuable work. More than anything, OpenCon 2016 nurtures an ethical commitment to open information, stirring an enthusiasm to inoculate one against another year of working in a decidedly unopen profession.
This ethic of openness is not without practical implications. OpenCon attendees reimagine the way that knowledge production is developed, distributed, and valued, realizing that promoting greater openness depends on changing the current incentive structures that limit and inhibit making scholarship freely and widely available. From finding ways to measure, track, and elevate alternative metrics of scholarship to pushing for reforms in faculty review and promotion, OpenCon fosters practical solutions to the way that knowledge is currently conceptualized and valued. Rethinking ways to open access to valuable knowledge has never felt so timely.
Portland State University and Comic Book Legal Defense Fund are joining forces with a week of special events to celebrate the hundredth birthday of Will Eisner, the legendary cartoonist whose influence defined the contours and possibilities of American comics in his lifetime and beyond!
Will Eisner Week is an annual celebration around the week of March 6th, every year. It celebrates “graphic novels, literacy, free speech awareness, and the legacy of Will Eisner.” Eisner is best known for championing the development of the graphic novel as a literary form, and for creating The Spirit, the iconic 1940s hero that redefined newspaper comics. However, Eisner’s achievements stretch even further. In celebration of Eisner’s centennial, Will Eisner Week engages with his legacy for a week of thought-provoking events on the PSU campus.
Will Eisner Week 2017 Events at PSU
Race, Religion, & Stereotypes in Will Eisner’s Comics
Like Disney, Tezuka, Hergé, and other 20th Century masters, Will Eisner’s influential body of work is marred by the use of stereotypes in his images and writing, most notably through the Spirit character Ebony White. In his later career, Eisner acknowledged Ebony’s problematic characteristics and created work that fought stereotypes, most especially as applied to Judaism in The Plot. Join panelists Barry Deutsch, Jemiah Jefferson, and David Walker for a discussion of how to engage with 20th Century images, stereotypes, and storytelling for 21st Century audiences. Moderated by CBLDF Executive Director and Eisner/Miller author Charles Brownstein.
Tuesday, February 28, 2017 12 noon – 1:30 p.m. Smith Memorial Student Union room #238 1825 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201
Documentary Screening of “Will Eisner: Portrait of a Sequential Artist”
This award-winning full-length feature film is the definitive documentary on the life and art of Will Eisner, father of the graphic novel, and includes interviews with Kurt Vonnegut, Michael Chabon, Jules Feiffer, and Frank Miller, among others. The documentary will be followed by a discussion between Marvel Comics best-selling writer Brian Michael Bendis and Eisner’s former Dark Horse editor Diana Schutz.
Friday, March 3, 2017 12 noon – 3:30 p.m. Cramer Hall room #150 1721 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201
The Spirit of Rebellion: How Will Eisner’s The Spirit Changed the Art & Commerce of Comics
Will Eisner lived a life of constant innovation. At the age of 22, with war on the horizon, he walked away from a lucrative partnership at the Eisner and Iger studio to develop a new kind of comic book—the newspaper comic book supplement—and the first creator-owned business model in comics. In the 1950s and ’60s, when comics were vilified in mass culture, he used the medium to create educational tools for military and industrial clients. In late life, he championed the graphic novel at a time when the idea of serious adult fiction in comics was laughably unlikely. Panelists Jim Valentino, Diana Schutz, and Dan Schkade are joined by moderator Charles Brownstein to discuss Eisner’s rebellious creativity and consider how his example is relevant today.
Wednesday, March 8, 2017 6:00 – 7:00 p.m. Cramer Hall room #53 Broadway, Portland, OR 97201
About the Panelists
Brian Michael Bendis is an award-winning comics creator, New York Times bestseller, and one of the most successful writers working in mainstream comics. For the last fifteen years, Brian’s books have consistently sat on the top of the nationwide comic and graphic novel sales charts. Brian has won five Eisner awards, including “Best Writer of the Year” two years in a row and was honored with the prestigious Inkpot award for comic art excellence. Brian is the recipient of the Cleveland Press “Excellence in Journalism” Award and was named “Best Writer of the Year” by Wizard Magazine and Comics Buyer’s Guide for three consecutive years.
Charles Brownstein has served as the Executive Director of the Comic Book Legal Defense Fund since 2002. During his tenure the organization has achieved numerous legal victories, been cited by the U.S. Supreme Court, and has become the leading source of education and advocacy for combating the rising tide of comics censorship in libraries and schools. Brownstein is a prolific and sought-out lecturer on the history of comics and censorship who has addressed audiences across the United States, as well as in Canada, Japan, Lebanon, Norway, and the United Kingdom. In addition to his work at CBLDF, he also writes extensively about comics; his publications include Eisner/Miller, The Oddly Compelling Art of Denis Kitchen, and Monsters & Titans: Battling Boy Art on Tour.
Barry Deutsch’s best-known creation is the Oregon Book Award-winning Hereville series of graphic novels, about “yet another troll-fighting 11-year-old Orthodox Jewish girl.” With co-creator Becky Hawkins, he also creates the webcomic SuperButch, about a lesbian superhero in the 1940s. His political cartoons, which can be read at leftycartoons.com, have appeared in dozens of publications and won the Charles Schulz Award. Barry had the good fortune to study under Will Eisner at the School of Visual Arts in New York City. He currently lives in Portland, in a bright blue house with bubble-gum pink trim.
Jemiah Jefferson is an editor at Dark Horse Comics where she works mostly on European and manga titles as well as archival reprints of classic comics including Flash Gordon, Herbie, Captain Midnight, and Creepy.She is also a multiply published fiction writer whose titles include Voice of the Blood, Wounds, Fiend, and A Drop of Scarlet. She is an avid fan of genre movies and television, especially anything having to do with superheroes. Find her work at www.jemiah.com.
Dan Schkade is a freelance comic book writer and artist from Austin, Texas. His credits include Will Eisner’s The Spirit, Battlestar Galactica: Gods and Monsters, San Hannibal, and The Fowl. He lives in Portland, Oregon, where he is a member of the comics creator collective Helioscope.
Diana Schutz’s efforts as editor, writer, educator, and staunch supporter of creators’ rights have made her a venerable icon in the industry. She made immense strides not only in opening the mainstream comics world to independent, creator-owned works, but also opening the doors for women to work in positions of power. From her editorial work on acclaimed series like Sin City, Grendel, and Usagi Yojimbo, to her close relationships with other icons like Will Eisner, Neil Gaiman, and Frank Miller, Schutz has helped shape the modern era of comics for almost four decades and has laid the foundation for its future.
Jim Valentino started his career in the late 1970s creating small-press, self-published comics, graduating to small-press acclaim with the superhero parody normalman and the autobiographical series Valentino. After a stint as a storyboard artist for various animation features, he returned to comics in the late 1980s, creating the era-defining run on Guardians of the Galaxy for Marvel. Valentino is best known as a founding partner of Image Comics, where he created the series ShadowHawk, served as publisher from 1999-2004, and continues to publish innovative creators under his Shadowline imprint.
David F. Walker is an award-winning comic book writer, author, filmmaker, journalist, and educator. His work in comic books includes Shaft (Dynamite Entertainment)—winner of the 2015 Glyph Award for Story of the Year—Power Man and Iron Fist, Nighthawk, Luke Cage, Occupy Avengers, Deadpool (Marvel Comics), Cyborg (DC Comics), The Army of Dr. Moreau (IDW/Monkeybrain Comics), and Number 13 (Dark Horse Comics). He is also the creator of the critically acclaimed YA series The Adventures of Darius Logan. He teaches part-time at Portland State University.
Project MUSE is a database with both scholarly eJournals & eBooks from University presses and scholarly societies in a wide range of subjects within the humanities and social sciences. All content is peer-reviewed prior to publication and edited after the peer-review by the university presses. The PSU Library has access to over 1,000 eBook titles from Project MUSE, and this collection is still growing. The PSU Library Project MUSE eBooks collections include the following subject areas:
US Regional Studies, West
Political Science and Policy Studies
Native American and Indigenous Studies
Access Project MUSE eBooks
You can search for Project MUSE eBooks in the PSU Library catalog, or you can search for books directly from Project MUSE. Project MUSE will search everything by default, including items that PSU Library does not own. Fortunately, it is simple to refine your search to find only eBooks. First, sign in to Project MUSE on a campus computer, or off-campus with your Odin account. Next, click the “Browse” button at the top of the page.
A menu will appear after you click the “Browse” button. On this menu, click the link for “Books.”
You should now see every single eBook within Project MUSE. Now we need to access the eBooks purchased by the PSU Library. First, go to “Access” on the left-hand side of the page. Then select “Only content I have full access to.”
After these three steps, you now can search the Project MUSE eBooks owned by the PSU Library. These ebooks can be downloaded to a computer or tablet for an unlimited time, and PSU faculty and students can print out as much as they need.
Other eBooks at the PSU Library
The PSU Library access to over a million eBooks from several publishers and vendors in addition to Project MUSE. Search for eBooks at the PSU Library. Simply search for a keyword, and then refine your search results to eBooks. You may find entire chapters, or entire eBooks, online at the PSU Library.
If another library has an eBook you want to view, you may be able to access it using a public computer at that library, or borrow the print edition. If you have any questions about accessing an eBook at the PSU Library, pleaseAsk a Librarian. Please note that many eBook collections are licensed for use by on-site patrons and current Portland State University students, faculty, and staff.
More Information: Internet Archive provides a free digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Closed captions are not available. Directory of Open Access Books includes academic ebooks that are part of Open Access.
Open access is the movement to make scholarly endeavors available to the public without financial and licensing barriers. Because the publication model is still growing, more and more institutions have joined in making research open and available. Many universities, agencies throughout the world, and even some major research funders and foundations have valuable data available. After the data is published, it is stored in online repositories that can be accessed by researchers.
Opening the Door to Open Research
OpenDOAR, or the Directory of Open Access Repositories, lists open access repositories from around the world in a single, central location. Researchers search across across many repositories by location and type of repository, author, and by materials and can then access all of the research inside.
Open Access at PSU
PDXScholar, PSU Library’s online repository, contains many open access textbooks, theses, dissertations, and faculty and student research. Portland State students, faculty, alumni, and researchers have downloaded nearly 1.8 million items from PDXScholar since July 2013. The Open Social Work research guide, designed by a PSU Librarian, connects alumni and practicing social workers in Oregon with social work research. Finally, Our A-Z research database list also indicates whether a database is open access. Resources with the open access logo, an unlocked padlock () will then know that the information they are using is fully open.
Learn more about open access initiatives, like our open textbooks that are free to students, when you visit the PSU Library’s website. Our open access and public access page will connect you to open access resources, as well as information about current projects.