Open Access refers to both an idea and a movement that aim to make scholarly research articles and content freely available online. Open Access can be accomplished in a variety of ways:
- Open Access journals make scholarly articles freely available to the public.
- PDXScholar, the PSU digital repository, makes available scholarly works, similar to other online institutional and disciplinary repositories.
- Data Management services are available to make data and other research products, such as lab notebooks, open to the public.
The Open Access movement has resulted in institutional policies and mandates requiring authors to make their works open access. Some examples include:
- Oregon State University’s Open Access Mandate
- Academic Senate of the University of California Open Access Policy
- Portland State University Library faculty resolution
- ROARMAP: Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies
Public Access refers to federal policy initiatives that have directed federal funding agencies with a research budget of more than $100M, to put into place plans to make freely available outputs from publicly funded research. There are three important distinctions between Open Access and Public Access:
- Public Access does not require that final, published versions of works are made available, but rather pre-print of articles;
- Public Access does not require use licenses to allow for modification and re-use of works;
- Works may be embargoed for up to 12 months from publication.
For more information about Public Access, please see: